Dramaterapia i gra
Rocznik: 2006 Tom: 12 Numer: 1
Drama therapy is rooted in the appreciation of the healing potential inherent in theater and dramatic activities. The forms of dramatic play used in drama therapy and the role of play in the therapeutic process as a whole are different in various approaches. This article describes the main characteristics of play as it is used and understood in the field of drama therapy in the United States. An example of three prominent American drama therapy methods, Landy’s Role Method, Emunah’s Five Phase Integrative Model, and Johnson’s Developmental Transformations is provided to illustrate the differences in the role of play in the therapeutic process. Stern’s thoughts on the role of verbal processing and the present moment in psychotherapy, are introduced to demonstrate these differences within the wider context of the problems related to the mechanisms of change in psychotherapy. The concepts of aesthetic distance, discrepant communication, Bateson’s theory of communication and theory of play and fantasy, Winnicott’s theory of potential space, transitional objects and transitional phenomena, are all considered for the purpose of describing what constitutes dramatic play as used in drama therapy, as well as pointing to the similarities between play in drama therapy and theatre.