Dysocjacja: różnorodność kontekstów i znaczeń
Monika Matecka, Jowita Wycisk
Rocznik: 2003 Tom: 9 Numer: 2
The matter of dissociation, widely discussed in circles of Western psychologists and psychiatrists, in Poland has not found its place in a separate book. The authors intending to fill this gap present variety of definitions and meanings associated with the term "dissociation". They distinguish three contexts in which the term appears most frequently. Dissociation is treated – firstly, as a basis of distinguishing the dissociative disorders - secondly, as an essential mechanism impelled by hypnosis, and thirdly – as a primary psychological defense process which results in losing its adaptive function co-originates auto-destructive behaviors, among them also self-mutilations. Generally speaking, dissociation can be treated as a phenomenon which is characterized by separation of the access to the consciousness of some particular contents/emotions/sensations, which subjectively can (but does not need to) by felt as a specific, unusual, and often unpleasant state. However, such a wide definition of dissociation may become imprecise and vague, which makes it not very useful. In conclusion, the authors stress the necessity of precise definition of dissociation each time the term is used by scientists in their researches.