Empiryczna weryfikacja tezy o „nierówności" samooceny kobiet i mężczyzn
Rocznik: 2001 Tom: 7 Numer: 1
The majority of results concerning the problem of differences in level of self-esteem between sexes show that the level of self-esteem is lower in women than in men. These findings are proved by indirect data revealing many similarities in behavior of women and persons with low self-esteem as well as men and people with high self-esteem. The purpose of the presented study was verification of the hypothesis about deficiency in the level of self-esteem in women in comparison with men. The additional aim was to specify the possible strategies of rebuilding self-esteem used by women, which were described in social identity theory (Tajfel, Turner, 1978). The results confirmed the main hypothesis and revealed clear difference in self-esteem between sexes to women disadvantage. Additionally, it was found that women do not consistently use any of methods of rebuilding self-esteem, what prove the difference between the dimensions which were perceived by them as most important and these self-views which influence their global self-esteem. On the level of self-description women seem to preserve their current gender identity and stereotype. However, the factors influencing global self-esteem in women revealed their aspiration to the social image of men.