Kontrowersje wokół "Wielkiej Piątki"
Rocznik: 2000 Tom: 6 Numer: 1
The article introduces and discusses main controversies around the Five Factor Model of personality which contains Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience. Since early eighties many confirmations of the Big Five have been gathered on psychometric and lexical way; however in nineties the model was strongly critized. The main points concerned: 1) methodological problems of both, factor and lexical analyses as well as of compatibility of the two ways leading to basic personality dimensions; 2) criteria for the dimensions introduced by Eysenck (1991), Costa and McCrae (1992), and Zuckerman (1992), the alternative models, including discussion between the Big Five and the Gigantic Three by Eysenck; 3) the problems inside the model concerning psychological meaning of the dimensions and particular variables; 4) limitations in the study of personality implied by trait approach. In conclusion the Big Five is treated as an integrative and comprehensive model, basic for trait approach, however not allowing for the study on some important problems like e.g. motivation, quality changes in personality development, contextual nature of behavior, or such processes as self-actualization and transgression.