Korzystanie z pomocy przez osoby podejmujące próby samobójcze
Rocznik: 1995 Tom: 1 Numer: 3
According to the buffer hypothesis, perceived social support is of crucial importance in the process of coping with stressful life events. Lack of social support and high psychological costs of asking for help may increase the probability of making a suicidal attempt. In order to verify this hypothesis, two comparative groups (an experimentalgroup of 14 women and 2 men who have survived suicidal attempt and a control group) were tested with a Social Support Inventory, Psychological Cost Questionnaire and a Personal Inventory. The results were analyzed statistically (Mann-Whitney test) and qualitatively. The hypothesis that a lower level of perceived emotional and informational support would result in a greater tendency to attempt suicide was confirmed at an alpha level of .05. The hypothesis that high psychological costs of asking for help would result in a greater tendency to attempt suicide was rejected. Even when people who attempt suicide perceive lower levels of social support, they are ready to ask for help.