Ocena konsekwencji zachowań zdrowotnych we wczesnej dorosłości oraz jej uwarunkowania
Rocznik: 2005 Tom: 11 Numer: 2
In the multi – stage models of health behaviour there are differentiated two independent phases of activity: motivational and volitional. The motivational phase leads to creating health behaviors intention and the volitional phase is connected with the realization of intention. There is no research about health behaviors consequences assessment. In the models of activity created in cognitive psychology the third phase has been separated – post action phase which is associated with the evaluation of performed action’s consequence. Thus a very interesting problem arises: how do people assess the consequences of health behaviors and which psychological factors are responsible for this process? This article presents the outcomes of research about health behaviors consequences assessment and their psychological conditions. The research shows differences in intensity of psychological factors responsible for health activity in two groups of subjects – people who assessed favorable consequences of health behaviors and people who assessed negative consequences of health behaviors. 284 participants in early adulthood were investigated. Two subgroups were created: people who positively (n=27) and negatively (n=35) assessed the consequences of health behaviors. The remaining data (n=222) was rejected. Participants were examined by a set of questionnaires which measured the intensity of health behaviors, assessment of their consequences and other variables important for health behavior activity process. The collected data was analyzed in two stages. In the first stage the consequences of health behaviors were described. In the second stage the distinguished subgroups were compared. The analysis showed differences between subgroups in: variables responsible for creating the intention of health behavior, the intensity of intention, cognitive processes facilitating the realization of intention and intensity of health behavior. In this paper the healthism issues are discussed, which could be combined with a negative assessment of the consequences of health behaviors.