Organizacja funkcjonalna procesów poznawczych w otępieniu, depresji i starzeniu się
Rocznik: 2001 Tom: 7 Numer: 2
The aim of the study was an analysis of the correlation between chosen cognitive processes and the search for specific disorders in information functioning of patients with dementia, depression and ageing. In patients with dementia there has been determined a total deterioration of examined information functions. The disorder of visuospatial ability can be recognised as the so- called basic defect which disturbs all the functional systems embodying this factor. Compensation mechanisms are regulated by processes of attention and short term memory. The cognitive system of patients with depression is based mainly on the functions containing the visuospatial factor. The internal regularity and synchronisation, however, manifests them selves in patients with depression with smaller intensity than in people with ageing. That is why the overall level of cognitive functioning in patients with diagnosed depression is approaching the level in people with ageing, with simultaneous appearance of many qualitative differences in comparison to the group of patients with dementia and ageing. The variety and parallelity of processing information – adapted to the aim and context of the cognitive activities – secures the healthy people, with ageing, with high level of general mental efficiency.