Osobowość a postawy wobec osób niepełnosprawnych
Rocznik: 1998 Tom: 4 Numer: 2
The paper presents the author's own studies on personality conditions of attitudes towards the disabled. Using the Scale of Attitudes Towards the Disabled according to Sękowski, two contrastive groups characterizedby positive and negative attitudes towards the disabled were selected. Then, both groups were examined using tests measuring the level of generalintelligence, the level of creative abilities, preferences of cognitive styles: reflexiveness-impulsiveness, dependent-independent field, self-esteem and preferences of values. The obtained results indicate that people revealing positive attitudes have higher intelligence, higher level of creative abilities, higher self-esteem, are more independent of perceptive field, are rather reflexive than impulsive, and prefer social, moral, aesthetic and religious values. A factor analysis of the results has led to distinguish five factors which are predictors of positive attitudes and five factors being predictors of negative attitudes towards the disabled. The obtained results account for the significant dependencies between the personality and the attitudes towards the disabled.