Paradoks problemu samotności na przykładzie chorych ze sclerosic multiplex (SM)
Zofia Dołęga, Maria Borczykowska-Rzepka, Justyna Płachetka
Rocznik: 2018 Tom: 24 Numer: 2
Sclerosis multiple (MS) is a chronic neurological disease characterized by progressive and irreversible demyelinating lesions in the central nervous system. The complex problem of social, emotional and existential aspects of loneliness is a particularly neglected area. This comparative study analyzed the problem of possible worsening of psychological well-being measured by loneliness in patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis compared with healthy subjects. The literature on the psychological functioning of patients with MS is relatively small. The level of mental well- being of patients with the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis was referred to the healthy people. Due to the need for the least possible sociodemographic intergroup differentiation, careful selection was made here. It was expected that the specificity of MS would significantly increase the feeling of social and existential loneliness, and ultimately global. But it would not affect the emotional aspect of loneliness. However, the empirical results did not confirm this expectation. It turned out that psychological loneliness differentiates groups, but paradoxically, it is the opposite of expectations. Emotional, existential and global loneliness is significantly higher in the group of healthy people, and social loneliness does not differentiate groups. This is a rise to redefining the stereotypical beliefs about mental deficits in individuals with chronic, in the light of today’s knowledge, incurable diseases. But also to further research in the area of development of psychological concepts of loneliness.