Postrzeganie czasu i jego znaczenie w procesie adaptacji do choroby nowotworowej
Joanna Furmańska, Maria Ligocka, Agata Milik, Anna Kołodziejska, Teresa Rzepa
Rocznik: 2019 Tom: 25 Numer: 1
Aim of the study: Determining the temporal profiles of oncologic patients and the correlation between temporal perspectives and adaptation to the disease situation. Method: The applied tools comprised the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), and the Mini Mental Adjustment to Cancer (mini-MAC) Scale by Watson, Law, dos Santos, Greer, Baruch, Bliss (Polish adaptation by Juczyński), and an originally developed questionnaire intended for acquisition of sociodemographic data and information on the current health status. The study involved 150 patients hospitalised due to cancer. Results: The study found a domination of the Past Positive and Present Hedonistic perspectives. The study showed statistically significant differences between the sexes in terms of temporal profiles, as well as a correlation between temporal perspectives and strategies of adjustment to cancer. The patients who focused on the positive aspects of the past and on the hedonistic elements of the present tended to apply the adaptive strategies of Fighting Spirit and Positive Redefinition. Conclusions: When providing therapeutic support to people coping with cancer, it is advisable to use elements of a therapy consisting in balancing the temporal perspectives, as a patient’s temporal profile is correlated with adaptation to cancer.