Poziom politycznego myślenia a rozwiązywanie społecznych zadań koordynacyjnych
Rocznik: 1996 Tom: 2 Numer: 1
There are two prototypical forms of managing the social coordination tasks (such as) organization of collective action, regulation of access to available goods, managing everyday relations between group's members): one is based on the principle of hierarchy (authoritarian coordination) and the other on the principle of equality (democratic coordination). It can be postulated that successful democratic coordination depends on the development of certain cognitive instruments (social perspective, decentration) related to the advancement of conceptual representation of the political process. In the present study we have focused on a specific instance of such representation, i. e. on the characteristics of the popular concept of democracy. The research consisted in the longitudinal study (by means of specially developed paper and pencil techniques) of 160 adults differing in their education, SES, and political involvement. The following conclusions have been reached: 1) the differences in interpretation of the concept of democracy reflect different stages of development of the political thinking; generally speaking, two major stages can be identified: lower and higher, and a transition stage; 2) the level of development of political thinking is related to education and participation in democratic institutions; 3) people representing the higher level of political thinking are less likely to accept infringements on democratic institutions and 4) are less likely to support non-democratic styles and strategies of social coordination, such as unilateral imposition of one's will, contentious strategies in conflict situations. The interpretation of the results emphasize the role of the development of decentration in political thinking.