Prawo do prywatności. Spojrzenie psychologiczne
Rocznik: 1998 Tom: 4 Numer: 3
Strony: Zbigniew Zaleski
Although the concept "right to privacy" has rather a more juridical sense, the author shows in the broader frame the importance of privacy in human functioning and stresses the negative consequences of lack of privacy. First, he describes the theoretical conceptions and close concepts, dimensions and methods of measurement, and development of privacy in children. Among the determinants of privacy the personality traits and gender are mentioned. Next, the major spheres of privacy are presented (e.g. sexual life, illness, personal data storage in computers). One specific aspect that gains the interest of researchers are the architectural solutions (interior and exterior) which is relevant to the discussed topic. Then, the author stresses the negative psychological consequences of taking away someone’s privacy. Finally, the legislative aspect of privacy and some problems concerning the public personnages are evoked. In sum, the right to privacy belongs to the basic needs so a preserving or violating this right is crucial psychological issue for personal functioning, which is hard to overestimate.