Przyrost masy ciała a aktywność zawodowa kobiet w ciąży
Patrycja Krawczyk, Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Mariola Machura, Sylwia Kubaczewska
Rocznik: 2018 Tom: 24 Numer: 1
Introduction. One of the most common causes of absenteeism in Poland is complications during pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium. Occupational activity by pregnant women plays a significant role in the course of pregnancy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of professional activity on pregnancy on weight gain of pregnant women. The study was carried out in a group of 296 women aged 19-38, who were in the maternity ward during the period of puerperium. Results. Most of the respondents show occupational activity during pregnancy (59.4%), while (42.5%) pregnant women do not work professionally. 96.2% of women on medical leave declared a lack of ability to continue working during pregnancy due to adverse conditions and factors at work. Women who performed mental work achieved an average body weight gain of 3 kg higher than women who worked physically. Summary. As the number of births increases, the professional activity of pregnant women decreases, potentially affecting the excess weight gain of pregnant women and the long-term consequences of increasing BMI in women.