Regulacja zachowania wytrwałego
Jacek Buczny, Wiesław Łukaszewski
Rocznik: 2008 Tom: 14 Numer: 2
In the present article, the authors consider how persistence in action is regulated by goals, cognitive and energetic resources. Moreover, self-efficacy and emotion regulation are also presented as determinants of performance. The article is focused on a range area of theories and metaanalysis trying to explain how goals are involved in action regulation. The authors present Gollwitzer’s, Little’s, Locke and Latham’s theories to show main determinants of persistence in action. The present article is also involved in discussion on how resources influence on action. Research in ego depletion (Baumeister) and resources conservation (Muraven) are discussed. It is shown how glucose metabolism as an energetic regulator of performance influences goal-oriented action. Results of presented experiments also demonstrate the roles of anticipation and resources restoring in self-regulation. In contrast, Kanfer’s cognitive model of cognitive resources allocation is presented as well. Finally, the new directions in self-regulation research are proposed.