Relacja praca–rodzina, wypalenie zawodowe i zdrowie u pracujących na zmiany strażników miejskich
Irena Iskra-Golec, Wanda Osikowska, Patrycja Siemiginowska, Jan Przetacznik
Rocznik: 2014 Tom: 20 Numer: 2
Nowadays the number of non-standard shift work systems increases. Shift work itself creates particular conditions for functioning of the family and could be the source of both: confl icts and crisis in professional, family and personal domains of workers’ life. Therefore it is necessary to fi nd an effective way of balancing family and work life. The aim of this study is to present results of research of 90 married male municipal police offi cers. 86,5% of them had at least one child in the household. They were employed in slow and fast rotating shift work systems with respectively: 8- and 12-hour shifts. Means of age and work experience were 37,2 years (SD=7.1) and 10.7 years (SD=6.5). The research has focused on work/family and family/work facilitation and confl ict (Work-Family Spillover, Grzywacz &, Marks, 2000), burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey) and job satisfaction (Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire). In this study subjective health was measured with regard to digestive and cardiovascular symptoms. The research results show that exhaustion (important element of burnout) could be explained in a great proportion (R 2 =60%) by work/family confl ict, work/family facilitation and family/work confl ict. Among the three of them the strongest predictor of exhaustion is work/family confl ict, described as negative job bearing on family life. Exhaustion leads to decrease of job satisfaction and decrease of subjective health and therefore the confl icts among the family and work roles could result in poorer health. The fi ndings of this study suggest that it is crucial for shift workers employed in non-standard shift work system to balance work and family domains.