Relikty kultury honoru w mentalności Polaków
Andrzej Szmajke, Przemysław Bąk, Edyta Adamus
Rocznik: 2004 Tom: 10 Numer: 1
In the "cultures of honor", violence is socially accepted and male individuals are obliged to apply violence in order to protect themselves, their relatives or property whenever their social reputation ("honor") is threatened, even when the threat is of purely symbolic character (e.g. an offence). The historical background and the state of the social consciousness suggest that the Polish culture can to a large degree be an example of a culture of honor. This article presents two experiments to verify this hypothesis. Experiment 1 is based on the Goffman's thesis that the cultural values are more strongly revealed in the "public show" behavior than in "private" behavior. It has been found that during public self-descriptions men more eagerly underlined their readiness for violence "to protect honor"- especially when the recipient of the self-description was a young attractive woman - than in private self-descriptions. Experiment 2 is based on the assumption that behavior conformable to the cultural values is rewarded by the surrounding society; in the "cultures of honor", the "honorable" man should be perceived by women as more attractive. It has been found that women appreciate men "of honor" (who react with violence to an offence) rather than "dishonorable" men; the difference was significant only for younger women; for older women, "dishonorable" men turned out to be more attractive. The results obtained in the experiments partially confirm the hypothesis that the value of "culture of honor" is present in the Polish culture.