Represywny styl radzenia sobie z bodźcami zagrażającymi a samooszukiwanie1
Joanna Zinczuk, Szymon Emilia Draheim
Rocznik: 2009 Tom: 15 Numer: 1
The research refers to the concept by D. Weinberger, R. Davidson & D. Schwartz (1979), who consider repression in terms of a personality variable, and postulate the existence of four personality types according to the style of coping with threatening stimuli – “true low-anxious”, ”high-anxious”, “repressors” and “defensive high-anxious”. The aim of the research conducted on 570 participants was to determine if, by means of objective statistical methods, it is possible to prove the occurrence of the four coping styles described by Weinberg et al in a population. The subject of an interest was also answering the question, whether the emotional functioning style of the repressors, characterized by low anxiety revealed in the self-description (e.g. questionnaire), in spite of intense physiological and expressive arousal in stress conditions, could be considered in terms of defensive, unconscious self-deceiving, measured by the Polish adaptation of Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding by D.L. Paulhus (1984). The connection between tendencies to self-deception, impression management, a subjectively experienced fear and a fear revealed in facial expressions were explored.