Społeczne koszty transformacji: Makropsychologiczny dowód, że pieniądze to nie wszystko
Rocznik: 1995 Tom: 1 Numer: 1
The socio-economic transformation alter World War II in Middle and Eastern Europe brought about a widespread adaptation crisis profound among a large group of countries. The coats of transformation afflicted the quality of life in all its dimensions. However, the burden incurred by the adaptation crisis were not evenly distributed among all social groups and not all its dimensions are correlated with each other. An analysis of the economic costs (impoverishment) and psychological ones (symptoms of depression and the sense of hopelessness) in Poland prove that the number of children to be provided for in a family is proportional to poverty measures but it does not correlate with symptoms of psychological maladaptation. Another measure, life expectancy, is positively correlated with the psychological costs, and negatively correlated with economic costs. Education is the factor alleviating both economic and psychological costs of adaptation. Educated individuals are less susceptible to the risk of impoverishment and they exhibit fewer symptoms of depression and desperation than less educated ones.