Strategie copingu religijnego w sytuacji utraty – implikacje do terapii
Rocznik: 2010 Tom: 16 Numer: 2
The differentiation between spirituality and religion has been widely discussed in psychological literature however, the concept of religion is often reduced to institutions, practices, and symbols associated with a particular religious tradition. Spirituality, on the other hand, is described in terms of specific needs which reflect the awareness of one’s existence, as well as mortality. The boundaries between both concepts become blurred, though, when a functional definition of religion is applied. Nevertheless, there is no doubt that religiousness and spirituality are essential aspects of human functioning and should be taken into consideration in a clinical setting, when a patient copes with suffering, experiences loss or frustration in the face of death. Religion can become the source of hope, strength or solace, but it may also produce additional frustration, anxiety and inner conflicts. This paper will elaborate on religious coping, describe its characteristic functions and styles, and discuss possible clinical implications.