Temperamentalne uwarunkowania i konsekwencje zespołu zależności alkoholowej
Paweł Izdebski, Aleksandra Pauszek
Rocznik: 2006 Tom: 12 Numer: 1
The aim of this article is to show the findings of research on the relationship between temperament. and alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. This research, based on the Strelau’s regulative theory of temperament, was carried out in two separate groups: 60 high school students and 90 alcoholics. Temperament was assessed by the Formal Characterics of Behaviour – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI). The findings have shown that there is a significant difference between alcohol abusers and non-drinkers among high school students in activity levels. Alcoholic patients had higher levels of emotional reactivity and perseveration and lower levels of briskness, sensory sensivity and endurance. No significant difference between alcoholics and non-alcoholics in the levels of activity was found. The results of the investigation suggest the importance of temperament as one of the risk factors in developing alcoholic dependence.