Tożsamość a depresja
Aleksandra Pilarska, Anna Suchańska
Rocznik: 2011 Tom: 17 Numer: 2
This article provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between depressive disorders and the structure of identity. It presents studies of a normal sample of 76 students and the clinical sample of 15 patients with depression. Identity Questionnaire (Pilarska, 2007) has been used to assess dimensions of identity structure and the Center for Epidemiological Studies – Depression (Radloff, 1977) has been used to measure depression. Two central questions were addressed in this research. First, “Is identity structure associated with depression?” and second, “What is the nature of the connection between depression and identity structure?”. The analysis of the data revealed that in the description of the phenomenon of depression identity plays an important role. Lower levels of availability, cohesion, stability and valuation of identity contents are accompanied by significantly higher level of depressive symptoms. Among the distinguished characteristics of identity, levels of evaluation and consistency of identity contents are best predictors of depression level.