Trening pamięci operacyjnej u dzieciz zespołem hiperkinetycznym (ADHD)
Małgorzata Matuszczak, Izabela Krejtz, Anna Orylska, Maksymilian Bielecki
Rocznik: 2009 Tom: 15 Numer: 1
The main research hypothesis stated that effective working memory training should reduce inhibitory deficits in ADHD. The second hypothesis looked for differences in working memory capacity between children with and without ADHD. Method: 11 boys with ADHD (10–16 years old) underwent an intensive, computerized working memory training. During pre- and posttest sessions their performance was tested against control group (11 boys, matched with the age) attention measures (dual attention task, Stroop task, Antisaccade) and working memory measures (Ospan and Reading Span). Results: Before the training groups differed in their ability to control attention in the Antisaccade task, t(20)=.93; p<.01. Whereas, there were no differences in their working memory capacity. The WM training was effective, linear trend F(1, 10)=5.48; p<.05; η2=.354. Moreover, due to the training ADHD children made a first step to reinforced their competence in inhibitory processes, there was a significant decrease of false alarms in dual attention task, F(1, 20)=6.17; p<.05; η2=.236. The pattern of results confirmed the research hypothesis suggesting that working memory training is an effective way of reducing attention deficits in ADHD.