Trzy podstawowe typy czy cztery struktury temperamentu?
Bogdan Zawadzki, Jan Strelau
Rocznik: 2003 Tom: 9 Numer: 2
The paper presents the findings of the analysis aiming on testing predictions based on the concept of personality types and concept of traits under the idiographic and nomotetic approach. The concept of types distinguished three basic personality types: resilient, overcontrolled and undercontrolled. These types may be only identified in the cluster analysis of the inventory raw scores. The Regulative Theory of Temperament postulates four basic temperament structures, which may be diagnosed on the normal z-scores. The comparative analysis was performed on the results of the group 1035 persons, investigated by the FCB-TI (self-report and peer-rating). In this analysis the consistency of typological characteristics for the model of three and four temperament types, assessed on the basis of the raw and normal z-scores was examined as well as the congruency between both approaches. The results support the theses of theory of traits. In the discussion some critical remarks regarding the concept of personality types are formulated.