Umysłowe reprezentacje płci a zmiany społeczno-ekonomiczne. Badania wstępne mężczyzn Górnego Śląska
Rocznik: 2018 Tom: 24 Numer: 2
Gender belongs to the basic categories of classification in the process of social cognition, but in the last 20 years relativization of its related characteristics has been observed. According to the socio-cognitive theory of the gender development of Bussey and Bandura, femininity and masculinity are the product of a wide network of social influences acting interdependently in various subsystems. The aim of the article is an attempt to initially analyse, on the basis of the mentioned theory, the variability of such constructs as the gender stereotypes and gender identity in men of late and early adulthood living in Upper Silesia, in the field of the socio-economic transformation of the region. The subjects were 98 men from the Silesian region in Poland: Engineering students (aged 19-28), students of social sciences (aged 19-29) and employees of a textile industry institute (aged 40-65). The Gender Identity Inventory IPP (Kuczyńska, 1992) and Gender Stereotypes Test (the author’s method) were used in the research. Results: Both groups of younger men manifested higher percentage of androgynous, undifferentiated and feminine types of gender identity in comparison with the older generation of men, characterized by the domination of the masculine type of gender identity. Nevertheless, these differences were not statistically significant. Meanwhile, the comparative analysis of the gender stereotypes showed statistically significant cross-generational differences – the younger generation of men classified the masculinity and femininity feature less consistently with the traditional gender stereotypes than the older generation of men. The results occurred to be partly consistent with the assumptions of the socio-cognitive theory of gender development, they encourage further in-depth analyses of the issue of the variability of mental gender representations in the context of socio-cultural changes.