Uwarunkowania lubienia i respektu: Konfrontacja dwóch koncepcji teoretycznych
Artur Mikiewicz, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Bogdan Wojciszke
Rocznik: 2006 Tom: 12 Numer: 2
Liking and respect are posited to constitute two independent dimensions of interpersonal attitudes. Four experiments aimed at deciding between the affect/cognition versus the self-interest/status hypotheses are presented as explanations of differences between liking and respect. The results confirmed the self-interest/ status hypothesis which assumes that liking and respect are affective responses mediated by different judgments of the perceived person. It was predicted and found that: 1) liking depends almost completely on how the target’s action influences the perceiver’s interests and is accompanied by beliefs in the perceiver’s morality, 2) respect is strongly influenced by the target’s status and is accompanied by beliefs in target’s competence, 3) cognitive overload and cognitive complexity do not modify these dependencies.