Wpływ reaktancji psychologicznej na reprezentacje poznawcze przestrzeni geograficznej
Rocznik: 2004 Tom: 10 Numer: 2
The magnitude estimation method was used to verify the exponent invariance of the function describing the emotional involvement of a group of Polish stewardess (N=38) and their subjective distance to 101 cities of the world. The results have not corroborated Gösta Ekman’s inverse square root law as the plot of data was not explained by the power function with the exponent of -.50. Instead, the power function with positive exponent equal .32 was fitted to the data. It shows, contrary to the expectations, that a group of Polish stewardess is under the influence of the psychological reactance – distant cities have special appeal in their cognitive representation of geographical space. It can be partly explained by the fact that the majority of Polish airline LOT itineraries cover rather European countries than world’s distances. The exponent of the psychophysical function describing the relation between the geographical distance and subjective distance was also checked (.62). This negatively accelerated trend points out that the subjective distance may shrink in the cognitive representation of stewardess as far as the geographical distance increases. The tentative explanation of the phenomenon may be due to the evolution’s heuristic – “short distances are important for survival, longer ones are of minor importance”. The article ends with a discussion of a generality of Ekman’s law, questioned in other author’s research, and with the possible applications of scaling methods to social and political sciences.