Wsparcie społeczne a stres w pracy kierowniczej
Rocznik: 1998 Tom: 4 Numer: 1
The purpose of the study was to verify the House's model (1981). This model deals with a moderating role of social support in the relation between stress and well-being. Two additional elements were considered in the model: multidimensionality of the construct of social support and individual variable – hardiness. The sample comprised 228 men, lower and middle level managers. The results show that the model is a good way for futureresearch. Social support indexes can be significant sources of variation of role stress (hypothesis 1), and well-being (hypothesis 2). Social support indexes can also buffer deleterious effects of stress on well-being (hypothesis 3). However, we still do not know why a given index of social support moderates the relation between stress and well-being. It seems that some individual variables play an important role determining an individual need for a given type of social support. More unambiguous results deal with hardiness. It appears that this variable acts through the same mechanism as social support it: determines the level of stress, the level of well-being and the buffer effects of stress on well-being.