Wstyd doświadczany z powodu własnej choroby a satysfakcja życiowa
Teresa Rzepa, Ryszard Żaba, Oliwia Jakubowicz
Rocznik: 2014 Tom: 20 Numer: 1
The study aimed at investigating the following: 1) shame level of patients concerning illnesses commonly perceived as “embarrassing”; 2) how these patients evaluate their life satisfaction – assuming that its low level correlates with the high level of shame. Material and methods: The study was conducted in years 2011-2013. Three groups of patients were included into the study, these were: 43 with acne, 43 with psoriasis, 25 with syphilis. The Satisfaction Life Scale (SWLS) by Z. Juczyński (2001) was used in the studies. Moreover, for the purposes of the study our original questionnaire was used. A Kruskal-Wallis test, a χ 2 test, a test comparing two indicators of structure, and a Spearman’s rank correlation coeffi cient were used in the statistical analysis, with p<.05 considered as statistically signifi cant. Results: Acne patients found syphilis the most embarrassing, while syphilis and psoriatic patients found AIDS the most embarrassing. Syphilis patients claimed the highest level of shame, while the lowest level was presented by acne patients. Statistically signifi cant differences in the average level of satisfaction with one’s life were not observed. Conclusions: These results may be useful in everyday psychological and medical practice, especially in the prevention and therapy of shame, as well as in its pathological consequences.