Zaangażowanie polityczne a związek potrzeby domknięcia poznawczego i konserwatyzmu politycznego1
Rocznik: 2002 Tom: 8 Numer: 1
People with a heightened need for closure accept conservative political beliefs for different reasons depending on their level of political involvement. The results indicate that low-involvement subjects support rightist beliefs on social issues and leftist beliefs on economic ones, while high-involvement subjects endorse rightist position independently on both types of issues. The results of previous studies as well as those presented in the paper suggest that people with a heightened need for closure support conservative beliefs for three different reasons: (1) because they protect the traditional status quo, well-known and predictable social and economic arrangements (low-involvement subjects), (2) because they support opinions accepted and popular among political authorities (high-involvement subjects, non-politicians) and (3) because they are attracted to a coherent political ideology endorsing a vision of organization of the state based on a certain type of values, e.g. law, order, religion, nation (politicians).