Zadania konwergencyjne i dywergencyjne a pamięć robocza. Badanie metodą generowania interwałów losowych
Krzysztof T. Piotrowski
Rocznik: 1999 Tom: 5 Numer: 2
The aim of the study was to find out whether the specificity of a currently solved problem influences the extent to which the central executive of working memory is occupied. It was assumed that the degree of occupation of central executive would be lower in the case of a divergent task compared to a convergent one. It was also hypothesized that central executive would be generally less engaged in the case of more intelligent individuals, regardless of the task condition. The degree to which central executive is currently occupied was assessed through the random generation of time intervals task (RGTI). According to this method, the more occupied one's central executive is the less able one is to generate random sequences of intervals. The results confirmed the first hypothesis: the degree of occupation of central executive was lower in the divergent task condition. The effects of intelligence did not exceed the required level of significance, although they were congruent with the expectations. It also turned out that the extent to which central executive was occupied depended interactively on participants' gender and level of intelligence.