Aktywność człowieka. Ewolucja poglądów Tadeusza Tomaszewskiego na przedmiot psychologii
Rocznik: 2015 Tom: 21 Numer: 1
The aim of this article is to demonstrate the evolution of Tadeusz Tomaszewski’s views on the human activity as the subject of psychology as a science. The starting point in the discussion is the presentation of the basic concept of this theory, namely “action”, published in his fundamental book “Introduction to psychology” (1963). Then, consequently the following changes in his views and systematic integration of the elements in the system published in “Encyclopedia of Psychology” (1998). There are several turning points in this evolution: fi rstly, the importance of the task in the process of organization of the structure of action. Secondly, the role of the concept of situation, allowing to build the systemic approach to the study of human activity. Thirdly, the concept of subjectivity is introduced. Finally, Tomaszewski underlines the relations between particular elements of situational structure of human behavior and their connections with organization of action, which creates the sort of dynamics of it. The basic idea of the article is that Tomaszewski’s views on human activity were the subject of constant changes and at the same time were stabile and preserved. The core issue in the evolution of Tomaszewski’s views was the fact, that the basic concept, namely “action”, was transformed and put in a broader context, and due to that, served as a tool not only to describe, but also to explain the human activity.