Czynniki sukcesu zawodowego młodych bezrobotnych w świetle indywidualno-środowiskowego dopasowania do rynku pracy
Rocznik: 2001 Tom: 7 Numer: 2
The article presents the results of research concerning the impact of individual and environmental adaptation to taking up and holding down jobs by young unemployed people. During research the personality test (the test was contained within the big five model) NEO FFI Costa and McCrae as well as the Sheet of Chances of Success on the job market, accomplished by the author of the study, were applied. 417 people were examined (with the age average of 22.3 years) and after 12 months their status on the job market was analyzed. Two groups were singled out, the first group consisted of people who held down their jobs (153 people) for a year and the second group of those who failed to do so (232 people). People who managed to remain in work for a year differ from the rest and are characterized by the following: lower neuroticism level, greater conscientiousness, higher subjective commitment to find work, higher subjective chance of attaining success, higher subjective availability of work, more precise self-assessment concerning chances on the job market, more precise self-assessment concerning commitment, greater subjective and objective attachment to a job, better contact with reality as well as better subjective adaptation understood as conformity between work availability and commitment to work inquiries. According to the model of logistic regression, essential variables in holding down a job are neuroticism, subjective attachment to a job as well as accuracy of self-assessment concerning commitment.