Delegitymizacja bogactwa materialnego
Artur Mikiewicz, Aleksandra Szewczyk, Bogdan Wojciszke
Rocznik: 2007 Tom: 13 Numer: 2
System justification theory postulates a general motive to justify the political and economic status quo. Although much data supports this assertion, this support is limited to a few most wealthy societies. A national survey conducted in Poland showed that most Poles do not believe the system to be legitimate and even a larger majority believes the social world to be unjust. Next two studies showed that although status differentiation among groups and individuals was generally legitimized (i.e. high status led to positive attitudes mediated by inferences of competence), differentiation of wealth was generally de-legitmized. Richer social groups were desired to be poorer and attitudes toward wealthy individuals were negative due to inferences that such individuals were harmful to other people. System justification may be not general but limited to societies developing some consensus about the system legitimacy and wealth may be actively de-legitimized in societies lacking such consensus.