Dlaczego dzieci lubią to, co lubią? O psycho-ewolucyjnych argumentach na rzecz hipotezy o wrodzonym zamiłowaniu do kiczu
Katarzyna Podlaszewska, Tomasz Szlendak
Rocznik: 2003 Tom: 9 Numer: 1
Almost all socialization theories assume that a human being is born as a kind of tabula rasa and upbringing processes fill such a "blank card" with contents, e.g. esthetical canons (Tillmann, 1996). Toput it shortly, it was assumed (for instance by the behaviorists) that a child socialized in a family of the uneducated and unemployed would absorb the so-called esthetical canons, including a preference for kitsch. However, if a child were educated in the environment of a middle-class family, it would show preferences for classical music and avant-garde theatre. Evolutionary psychology abolishes such dogmas and proposes its own, alternative hypothesis on absorbing cultural traits. A child is born with some cognitive preferences; thus, in its mind there are some innate patterns of social behavior. The traits of culture appear and are developed in the environment of peer groups. Therefore, a preference for kitsch in Homo sapiens is genetically imprinted and sophisticated esthetical canons appear much later in the process of individual development, during secondary socialization in peer groups. This theory has been proven by the latest cross-cultural research on body symmetry, facial attractiveness, environmental aesthetics and group socialization.