Internalizacja negatywnego stereotypu starości w perspektywie wybranych charakterystyk psychologicznych
Katarzyna Popiołek, Maciej Januszek
Rocznik: 2018 Tom: 24 Numer: 2
Both realization of the negative social image of elderly people and experiencing its social effects through discrimination may cause the internalization of negative stereotype of old age. It might result in perceiving oneself as someone less able and limiting own activities, as a consequence. The aim of presented research was to determine whether there is a relationship between those unfavorable processes (which haven’t been studied empirically so far) and chosen psychological characteristics, namely: the feeling of social importance, self-esteem, social support and worrying. There were 180 participants in the study aged 60 to 90 (60% women). The results demonstrate that three variables (the feeling of social importance, self-esteem, social support) showed a negative relationship with internalization of negative stereotype of old age and therefore they might be considered as a certain asset when preventing withdrawal of seniors from active life. The feeling of social importance (which is a certain novelty in the research) which turned out to be a variable having a clearly stronger relationship with the internalization of the negative stereotype of old age than the other variables. It is a significant factor which characterizes multilateral relationships of people and their surroundings. It might be important in protecting from social exclusion. On the contrary, worrying has a positive relationship with internalization which indicates that it is a factor that intensifies the tendency of senior’s withdrawal from active life.