Metacecha: kontrowersje i użyteczność w badaniach psychologicznyc
Rocznik: 2005 Tom: 11 Numer: 1
The article presents the construct of metatrait which is defined as a feature of having vs. not having a trait. Metatrait is measured by interitem variance of responses to specific scales. People having the metatrait (traited) can be controlled by their personality traits whereas people without the metatrait (untrained) are rather controlled by situations. Untraited individuals may be susceptible to situational influences. Thus, metatrait will moderate personality-behavior relationships and may be an important voice in personality-situation debate. The concept of metatrait has been compared to other constructs such as self-monitoring, private self-awareness and self-schemata. Other strategies for measuring metatrait have also been reviewed. There are some controversies connected with this construct. First of all, the nature or theoretical status of this concept is not fully clear. Problems such as the number of metatraits, usefulness in intelligence and temperament psychology, and other methodological issues have been discussed.