Między myślą a czynem – o pomiarze utajonych konstruktów psychicznych za pomocą Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure
Magdalena Hyla, Lidia Baran, Irena Pilch
Rocznik: 2017 Tom: 23 Numer: 2
Implicit social cognition is a branch of psychology that is gaining more and more attention from researchers involved both in academic and practical (e.g., clinical, marketing or educational) activities. Therefore, there is a growing need for research tools allowing precise and multidimensional measurements of implicit psychological constructs, such as attitudes, stereotypes or self-esteem. The aim of this article is to present one of them – Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP), the procedure adapted to Polish conditions, based on the measurement of subjects’ reaction time. The IRAP is a relatively new method that is characterized by satisfactory reliability, validity and predictive power in clinical areas as well as in research on prejudice and other implicit constructs, including self-esteem. The article begins with a short characteristic of implicit social cognition, followed by a review of measurement methods of implicit psychological constructs, grouped according to the underlying research paradigms. Then, a full description of the IRAP is introduced. Step by step, the principles of research design and conduction using the IRAP are explained, followed by the ways of obtaining and interpreting the results. The possible uses of the tool are also presented, with the examples of studies that show the specifics and unique properties of the IRAP.