Od badań podstawowych do zastosowań w praktyce psychologicznej: z perspektywy 50. lat badań nad temperamentem
Rocznik: 2009 Tom: 15 Numer: 2
Taking as a point of departure the Regulative Theory of Temperament (RTT) the author has given evidence that the RTT fulfills formal criteria of a good theory as defined among others by Kurt Lewin. Attention was paid to aspects of the theory such as: (a) concept of trait, (b) definition of temperament that concentrates on formal characteristics of behavior (energy and time), and (c) structure of temperament, which distinguishes RTT from other conceptualizations on temperament. Evidence based on research in which temperamental traits were measured by means of an inventory that fully corresponds with RTT and fulfills Evidence Based Assessment Criteria – the Formal Characteristics of Behavior-Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) – has given support for the motto cited in this paper saying that there is nothing more practical then a good theory. Of special importance for psychological practice are the findings showing that RTT traits play an important role in behavior under extreme situations and in performing tasks under stimulation exceeding the optimal level of arousal.