Osobowość makiawelisty i niemakiawelisty w ocenie własnej i partnerów
Rocznik: 2006 Tom: 12 Numer: 2
The relationship between Machiavellianism and social perception is depicted in this paper. In study one 210 subjects, who had been classified as high or low in Machiavellianism, were asked to choose from a list of 24 trait adjectives 10 which best described her or him and 10 for describing the partner. Low Machs described oneself as friendly, honest, sensible, and by „low Mach” and „high friendliness” groups of adjectives. High Machs were more likely than lows to be described by partners as cold and selfish. Low Machs were more likely to be described as friendly, reliable and sensible. In study two 126 persons were asked to attribute 12 trait adjectives to oneself and to 3 other partners using 5-point scale. After that they completed the Mach IV questionnaire. Low Machs described oneself as sincere, truthful, confident. High Machs were characterized by partners as ambitious, rational and powerful. Low Machs were described as truthful, friendly, helpful, confident and sincere. The traits which were chosen to describe high and low Machs were consistent with the characterizations in the research literature. Though high Machs are often charming and attractive in short-term social interactions, they are evaluated more properly – as a exploiters – in long-term relationships.