Po co ludziom sprawiedliwość? Nadawanie sensu zdarzeniom i złudzenie kontroli
Rocznik: 2009 Tom: 15 Numer: 2
Justice seems to provide a important and guiding theme in our personal lives and in societies. People care about justice because it fulfills some normative and cognitive functions for the individual and for the society. The standard of justice actually implemented vary according to the situation, social orientation of the observer and perceived quality of the social context. According to Lerner (1980, 2003) people need to believe they live in a just world, where people generally get what they deserve. The belief in a just world (BJW) is functional because it makes sense of events, and provides some basis for being in control of the events. One of a number of ways people maintain a commitment to justice is immanent justice reasoning (IJR). IJR is a form of nonscientific causal reasoning that people may use to explain and understand important life events. It is thinking that negative or positive experiences are a punishment or a reward for prior misdeeds or good behavior, respectively. Three studies examined of IJR in adult (students) sample are presented in the article. In study 1 a target person’s behavior prior to them experiencing an unrelated negative outcome (car accident). In study 2 a target person’s behavior prior to them experiencing a positive outcome (lottery win). Study 3 tested the role of a just world threat in activation of IJR (in subsequent unrelated negative and positive context). The results show significant relation between level of IJR and participant’s perception of target person’s deservingness and participant’s sense of cognitive control (anticipation of future target person’s behavior).