Prospołeczne preferencje zawodowe a społeczny zegar zawodowy
Rocznik: 2017 Tom: 23 Numer: 2
This article presents Contextual model of vocational preferences. So called vocational social clock as the key factor of model – reveals dynamics of vocational preferences in view of social expectations with regards to age and gender. The pro-social vocational preferences were measured by an original tool- Vocational Potential Inventory (Ochnik, Stala & Rosmus). The number of 9359 persons, including 5364 women (57%) and 3995 men (43%) in the age of entering labor market (20-24 years), the highest vocational activity (30-34 years) and the age of 40-44 and 50-54 years, took part in the study. Research results revealed significant effect of gender and age interaction of pro-social vocational preferences. Men, both in the youngest and the oldest group, scored higher than women, whereas in the group of 30-34 years women scored higher, and in the group of age 40-44 years, the gender differences were irrelevant. Therefore, in the age of decreased professional activity (the youngest and the oldest group) both men and women preferred nonstereotypical vocational preferences. Whilst the period of the most intense professional activity and also undertaking new social (family) roles – was related to stereotypically gender-based pro-social vocational preferences.