Przeczenie a prawdziwość zdania – z perspektywy wybranych modeli przetwarzania informacji
Rocznik: 2011 Tom: 17 Numer: 1
This paper presents three experiments which involved deciding if a sentence is true or false. Participants read sentences of the type The X is (not) above/below the Y and were presented with a picture of the two objects mentioned in the sentence, either in the correct or in the incorrect spatial relation. In the case where the sentence precedes the picture – for sentences which contained above – false negative sentences were harder to process than true sentences. For sentences with below, true negatives sentences are more difficult to process than false ones. The same results were obtained with non-linguistic negation (experiment 2). In the case where the picture precedes the sentence (experiment 3) true negative sentences are more difficult to process than false one (both above and below). The results in terms of the model of processing information are discussed.