Psychobiologiczna koncepcja osobowości R.C Cloningera i jej związki z regulacyjną koncepcją temperamentu J. Strelaua
Rocznik: 2005 Tom: 11 Numer: 2
Cloninger’s and others proposed a psychobiological model of personality including four temperament dimensions: novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, and persistence. These dimensions were postulated to be independently heritable, manifest in early life, and be related to the activity of specific neurotransmitter systems. Three character dimensions: self-directedness, cooperativeness, and transcendence were added to measure three aspects of the development of self-concepts related to identification of the self as an autonomous, an integral part of humanity, and an integral part of the universe as a whole. Temperament and Character Inventory– TCI was developed to measure the seven dimensions and is widely used method in research with healthy and disturbed individuals. A lot of very interesting findings with TCI was the main reason of the decision of its Polish adaptation. In the validation studies we decided to determine how much of the variance in the TCI can be predicted by the FCB-TI (Formal Characteristic of Behavior – Temperament Inventory). The later instrument was developed as an operationalization of Strelau’s regulative theory of temperament (RTT). In this paper the results of this analysis are discussed.