Rola płci w spostrzeganiu etnicznym
Rocznik: 1999 Tom: 5 Numer: 4
A group of 406 Polish university students (210 women and 196 men) described typical representatives of selected ethnic groups, and their typical female and male members. The results indicate an effect of masculinization of ethnic images, i.e., the descriptions of typical representatives of ethnic groups resemble the images of typical men of those nationalities significantly more than they do those of typical women, even for the most democratic nations with a high social status of women. The differences registered between the images of typical representatives of ethnic groups and their male and female members concerned mainly the attributes basic for gender stereotypes. The images of women were significantly more favorable than those of men. The gender-of-stereotype-holders-bias in ethnic perception was also indicated. Although the level of masculinization of ethnic images was similar among the female and male participants, the men perceived more (than the women) similarity .between women, men and nations. Several differences were revealed between women's and men's perception of typical representatives of ethnic groups, and of ethnic gender subgroups, 'without, however, the predicted effect of gender in-group favoritism. Instead, the effect of ethnic in-group favoritism of Poles was related to gender, both of the participants and of ethnic target-groups.