Rozwój mowy pisanej u dzieci w wieku 3 do 11 lat
Rocznik: 2003 Tom: 9 Numer: 2
The paper presents the model of reading and writing ability development based on Lev S. Vygotsky cultural-historical psychology. From his point of view learning to read and write is a process of forming a new higher mental function named the written speech. Four stages of written speech development are identified: 1) the natural stage, 2) the 'naive' stage, 3) the outer stage, and 4) the inner stage. The written speech development is also described as determined by mental system structure in which a central position has (in developmental order): the perception, the memory, the voluntary attention and the logical memory. Basing on the model the author constructed research tools for diagnosing the level of reading and writing ability. These tools were used in empirical verification of the model. 400 children of 3 to 11 ages were examined and their results confirmed a validity of the stadial model of written speech development.