Temperament, tendencje depresyjne i detekcja sygnałów emocjonalnych
Magdalena Marszał-Wiśniewska, Małgorzata Fajkowska-Stanik
Rocznik: 2005 Tom: 11 Numer: 2
Adopting the Signal Detection Theory and Transactional Model of Mood Disorders this study discusses response biases in emotional signal detection as individuals differ in temperamental, and mood properties. The article is aimed to answer the posed problem and to show a procesual-dispositional approach in studying depressive tendencies. The Emotional Version of the Attention Test of Moron was applied to the research (N=181). The false alarms, hits, and response strategy (ß) indices were taken into analysis of the signal detection of angry, happy, and sad faces. The order of the emotional stimuli exposition was controlled. Temperamental traits and depressive tendencies were measured by Pavlovian Temperament Survey and Beck Depression Inventory, respectively. The statistical elaboration of the data revealed: (a) influence of temperament and depressive tendencies on emotional signals detection when the facial sadness and happiness, not threat, were first exposed; a threat depiction is beyond personality- detection of the facial threat is not a joint product of the certain individual properties but can be attributed to the evolutionary scenario; (b) it was not proved that depressive subjects use impulsive strategy in sad faces detection compare to the non-depressive ones; (c) the intra-individual incoherence (low depressive tendencies and high reactivity) coexists with the biases in happiness detection.