Tożsamość a tolerancja
Rocznik: 1995 Tom: 1 Numer: 3
The paper analyzes two concepts, "identity" and "toleration", and describes the relation between them. In principle, this analysis bears a primarily psychological character, but its axiological aspect has also been taken into account. Both concepts are difficult to define and even more difficult is to grasp their essence and the kind of dependence which occurs between them. The paper has put forward a hypothesis that toleration is dependent on the system of values and the system of beliefs which a person or group accepts. In order to be tolerant it is necessary that toleration be internalized as a central value. By toleration I mean the belief that every individual has the right to his or her own beliefs. I have confined myself in this paper to two kinds of identity —national identity and, broadly defined denominational identity. They are different identities, but probably possess one element in common, which I have called "openness". I have set "open" identity in opposition to "closed" identity. Between these two poles there are various concrete human identities.