Tożsamość jednostki w obliczu wyboru: Między przystosowaniem a ucieczką od rzeczywistości
Rocznik: 2009 Tom: 15 Numer: 2
The relationship between environmental contexts of life and the development of desired identities by individuals is due to mutual determination of choices made by an individual in the present and possible identities in the future. In the face of pressures of the reality in the form of environmental supports or constraints (affordances) an individual makes choices between realities relevant to future possible selves, as well as choices between self-improvement goals in terms of their relevance to preferred ideal realities. The article discusses a determining role of cognitive processing of present reality in choices by individuals, their: 1 – possible selves goals, and 2 – mood of adaptation via place attachment versus place estrangement (goal attachment). In addition to these problems, two other issues are also discussed. The first one concerns the problem of influence of cognitive processing of the actual and expected reality in terms of environmental affordances on the mood of choice of possible selves goals, and on the mood of choice of environments which are most relevant to identity-based preferred goals. The second one concerns the problem of meaning of mental contrasting of present reality with those of the dreamed and expected one for the changes in identity structure in categories of openness to displacement, motivational strategies of realizing future goals and self-regulation coping processes to identity relocation.