Wpływ bodźców supra- i subliminalnych na efekt interferencji w zadaniu Stroopa
Rocznik: 1999 Tom: 5 Numer: 2
The purpose of the two experiments described in this paper was to check the influence of supra- and subliminal stimuli on selective attention. The procedure aimed at modification of the magnitude of interference effect in the Stroop task by the use of priming stimuli that might be either congruent or incongruent with the meaning or color of the Stroop words. The results indicate no influence of the subliminal primes (15 ms) on the magnitude of interference effect, whereas the supraliminal primes (450 bis) slowed down the participants' responses, regardless of their congruence. The results thus confirmed the hypothesis that the stimuli presented below the threshold of consciousness differ in their consequences for human behaviour from the stimuli presented above this threshold. However, no influence of subliminal stimuli on the system of attention could be observed in this study.