Wpływ społeczny i samoświadomość
Rocznik: 1999 Tom: 5 Numer: 4
The problem of social influences is one of the most important in social psychology. It has a rich tradition, especially in laboratory investigations. Natural experiments of D. Doliński made on the streets of two big cities are connected with D. Bem's theory of autoperception. The subject of Doliński's investigations was the helping behaviour. The author tried to provoke a natural helping behaviour by asking an address information. As a conclusion of natural experiments, the author suggests that a technique of social influence basing on not realized intentions is connected with submission to the next request of giving help. Using his general theory of contents and forms of self-awareness the author critically appreciates the conditions and the results of the experiments and suggests that altruistic motivations were not relevant to the experimental conditions. In these and other experiments in social psychology, the function of composing the structure of contents and forms of self-awareness must be analyzed.